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澳洲往事1606-1890??IV--2 朗姆酒军团

  [2011-03-14 09:56:24] 
2. The New South Wales Corps. In 1790 a special corps had been organised in the British army for service in the colony; it was called the New South Wales Corps, and was intended to be permanently settled in Sydney. Very few high-class officers cared to enter this service, so far from home and in the midst of the lowest criminals. Those who joined it generally came out with the idea of quickly gathering a small fortune, then resigning their commissions and returning to England. The favourite method of *** money was to import goods into the settlement and sell them at high rates of profit; and, in their haste to become rich, many resorted to unscrupulous devices for obtaining profits. A trade in which those who commanded were the sellers, whilst the convicts and settlers under their charge were the purchasers, could hardly fail to ruin discipline and introduce grave evils, more especially when ardent spirits began to be the chief article of traffic. It was found that nothing sold so well among the convicts as rum, their favourite liquor; and, rather than not make money, the officers began to import large quantities of that spirit, thus deliberately assisting to demoralise still further the degraded population which they had been sent to reform.  So enormous were the profits made in this debasing trade that very few of the officers could refrain from joining it. Soon the New South Wales Corps became like one great firm of spirit merchants, engaged in the importing and retailing of rum. The most enterprising went so far as to introduce stills and commence the manufacture of spirits in the colony. By an order of the Governor in Council this was forbidden, but many continued to work their stills in secret. This system of traffic, demoralising to every one engaged in it, was shared even by the highest officials in the colony. In the year 1800 the chief constable was a publican, and the head gaoler sold rum and brandy opposite the prison gates.

2. 新南威尔士军团 。还是在 1790 年,英***队组建了一只特殊的军团——新南威尔士军团到殖民地服役,预备在悉尼永久驻扎。阔别家乡到低贱的犯人中往服役,几乎没有哪个高级军官愿意参加这只军团。参加的人的想法通常也是预备迅速发笔横财再辞职回国。最受欢迎的致富渠道,是往殖民地进口货物获得高额利润。他们发财的愿看太急迫了,很多人赚钱赚得肆无忌惮。他们作为卖方控制着贸易,而犯人和居民作为买方又得服从他们——纪律荡然无存,严重的罪恶也相伴而来;最特别的,是烈性酒成为这种贸易中的主要商品。犯人们最欢迎 朗姆酒,这是他们最喜欢的液体。这已经不只是生意了:军官们大量进口这种烈性酒,并且有意纵容这个堕落的群体变得更坏——而他们的使命本来是改造这些犯人的。这一低劣的贸易形式利润高得惊人,能够守身如玉不予其中的官员实在是凤毛麟角。很快,新南威尔士军团变得更像是一个大型额烈酒贸易公司,从事 朗姆酒的进口与零售。最有进取心的人甚至引进了蒸馏炉开始在殖民地自产烈酒。殖民地的行政主座颁布命令公布这一创新是非法的,但仍有很多人在私下里生产。参与这个贸易系统的,包括殖民地最高级别的官员;而每个牵扯进往的人,他们的道德都沦丧了。举 1800 年的例子来说吧:***局长的第二职业是酒馆老板,总监狱长则在监狱大门的正对面开了个朗姆酒和白兰地的专卖店。

【译者注:朗姆酒:以甘蔗糖蜜为原料生产的一种 蒸馏酒 ,也称为兰姆酒、蓝姆酒或朗姆酒。原产地古巴,口感甜润、芳香馥郁。世界 6 大烈酒之一( 金酒 Gin )、 威士忌 Whisky )、 大学生英语竞赛试题;">白兰地 Brandy )、 伏特加 Vodka )、朗姆酒( Rum )和 龙舌兰酒 Tequila )。品尝朗姆酒最好的方法是喝纯的不加以调混,而在美国一般把朗姆酒用来调制鸡尾酒。饮用时还可加冰、加水、加可乐和加热水。热水和玄色朗姆酒兑在一起是冬天治感冒的殊效偏方。加工烟草时加进朗姆酒可以增加风味。朗姆酒用途很多,由于烧焦的蔗糖有强烈的香味,所以经常用于在烹饪上制作糕点、糖果、冰淇淋以及法式大菜的调味。)】

澳洲往事1606-1890??IV--2 朗姆酒军团

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